That the persecution of the companions of Imam Ali AS should immediately be stopped; their lives and properties and families guaranteed safe conduct and peace. Husayn ibn Ali of the Ahl al-Bayt. They repeatedly wrote letters and called Imam Husayn to them and took bay’at allegiance for his caliphate. Imam Hasan is said to have given a sermon in which he proclaimed his hatred of schism and appealed to his men to follow his orders even if they did not agree with them. Hussein ibn Ali at Wikipedia’s sister projects. According to the Shi’ah, Husayn was the third Imam for a period of ten years after the death of his brother Hasan in CE
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History tells us that from day one Moawiya did not comply with any one of the terms of the treaty agreed upon between him and Imam Hasan AS He trampled the treaty under his feet saying to the people of Kufa,”do you think I have taken power to teach you about Islam. Views Read Edit View history. Husayn’s actions at Karbala fueled later Shia movements,  and the martyrdom of Husayn was decisive in shaping Islamic and Shia history.
According to the Shi’ah, Husayn was the third Imam for a period of ten years after the death of his brother Hasan in CE After learning of the martyrdom of Husayn, ibn al-Zubayr collected the people of Mecca and made the following speech:. Husayn’s son Ali returned his head from Ash-Sham to Karbala,     forty days after Ashurareuniting it with Husayn’s body.
Throughout history, many notable personalities, such as Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhihave cited Husain’s stand against oppression as an example for their own fights against injustice. Husayn’s maternal grandmother was Khadijah bint Khuwaylidand his paternal grandparents were Abu Talib and Fatimah bint Asad.
To avoid the agonies of the civil war, Hasan signed a treaty with Mu’awiyah, according to which Mu’awiyah would not name a successor during his reign, and let the Islamic Ummah Community choose his successor. Ali had been unable to fight in the battle, due to an illness. His head is said to have been returned from Damascus and interred with his body,  although various sites have also been claimed hsan house, or have sheltered, Husayn’s head, among others: Accordingly, in the verse of Mubahalahin the Shia perspective, syahadat phrase “our sons” refers to Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn, “our women” refers to Fatimah, and “ourselves” refers to Ali.
Mourning of Muharram and day of Ashura. During this time, Umayyad oppression was rampant, and the stand of Husain and his followers took became a symbol of resistance inspiring future uprisings against oppressors and injustice. Retrieved 7 July shahwdat He was killed and beheaded in the Battle of Ima on 10 October the 10th of Muharram in 61 AH by Yazidalong with most of his family and companions, including Husayn’s six month old son, Ali al-Asgharwith the women and children taken as prisoners.
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Retrieved 30 October Husayn ibn Ali of the Ahl al-Bayt. Arts of the Islamic World: Muhammad and the course of Islam. So he traveled towards Kufah;  however, at a place near it known as Karbalahis caravan was intercepted by Yazid’s army. The saying is also intended to signify that what happened on Ashura in Karbala must always be remembered as part of suffering everywhere. That Muawiya should not appoint or nominate anyone to the Khilafat after him but that the choice should sahhadat left to the Muslims.
Retrieved 4 November Translated by al-Rasheed, Jasim 1st ed. Husayn is highly regarded by Shia Muslims for refusing to pledge allegiance to Yazid,  the Umayyad caliphbecause he considered the rule of the Umayyads unjust.
Majlis-e-Aza in remembrance of Shahadat Hazrat Imam Hasan Askari (A.S.)
Muhammad Ali Fatimah Hasan Hussein. An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Retrieved 23 October Allah loves those who love Hussain. Yale University Press, Hasan and Husayn were regarded by Muhammad as his own sons due to his love for them and as they were the sons of his daughter Fatima and he regarded her children as his own children and descendants.
No, I have taken power for the sake of it and if any one of you tries to disagree with me shall pay a costly price of losing his head. This demanded that Imam Hasan AS should predecease him, an unlikely event considering their discrepancy in their ages.